Resection and modified purse-string closure of frontal hemangioma

Video Type: CVideo
  • 2-5 min videos of a particular surgery or technique. These again show major events in the surgery
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Author: Dov Goldenberg
Specialties: Craniofacial and Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Global Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive
Schools: University of Sao Paulo Medical School
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Basic Info

Infantile hemangiomas occurring in the face may represent a real problem to a child. Clinical significance is ultimately determined by the degree of tissue deformation. Large dimensions; specific locations; and the presence of complications such as ulceration, bleeding, or infection indicate active treatment to minimize morbidity. The combination of clinical features and response to pharmacologic treatment are the main standpoints indicating surgery during the active phases of infantile hemangiomas.
The concept of minimal possible scar is relevant, and the use of purse-string sutures, initially proposed by Mulliken et al., promotes a real reduction in the final scar dimensions. In this video surgical resection of a frontal hemangioma illustrates a modified purse string suture, to reduce the dimensions of a linear scar.
Dov Charles Goldenberg, MD Phd, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School
Vania Kharmandayan, MD, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School



Resection and modified purse-string closure of frontal hemangioma


Frontal proliferative hemangioma causing deformity
Infantile hemangioma with evolutive complications
Infantile hemangioma non responder to pharmacological therapy


Medical conditions
Parental concerns



General anesthesia through oral intubation.
Marking of hemangioma limits
Design planned lenticular excision
Infiltration with local anesthetics and vasoconstrictor
Prep area with betadine
Eye protection
Demarcation of the limits of the tumor

Preoperative Workup

Parental detailled explanation of the procedure and post-operative evolution
General lab preo-op test including Hemoglobin, red blood clount and coagulation tests

Anatomy and Landmarks

Marking of hemangioma limits and lenticullar possible excision
Incision around the limit of the hemangioma (round excision)
Uniform undermining in subcutaneous plane



Suture dehiscences
Scars widening needing revision

Disclosure of Conflicts



Fernando Rosas Brito for video and image editing


Goldenberg DC, Hiraki PY, Marques TM, Koga A, Gemperli R. Surgical Treatment of Facial Infantile Hemangiomas: An Analysis Based on Tumor Characteristics and Outcomes. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Apr;137(4):1221-31. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000002016.

Dégardin-Capon N, Martinot-Duquennoy V, Patenotre P, Brevière GM, Piette F, Pellerin P. Early surgical treatment of
cutaneous hemangiomas (in French). Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2006;51:321–329

Mulliken JB, Rogers GF, Marler JJ. Circular excision of hemangioma and purse-string closure: The smallest possible scar.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;109:1544–1554; discussion 1555

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