A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships that could inappropriately influence (or bias) the author’s decisions, work, or submission materials.
All authors must state all possible conflicts of interest, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included at the end of the abstract in the Acknowledgments section, with the preceding text “Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding” (see example below).
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: A has received honoraria from Company X. B is currently receiving a grant (#12345) from Organization Y, and is on the speaker’s bureau for Organization Z. For the remaining authors none were declared.
It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to confirm all conflicts of interest for all listed authors. If authors are uncertain about what constitutes a relevant financial interest or relationship, they should contact the editorial office.